Naat/na’at - a song praising Prophet Muhammad. If you search this, you will mainly get songs from South Asia.
Hamd - a song praising Allah. If you search this, you will mainly get songs from South Asia. A hamd is usually written in Arabic, Persian, Punjabi, or Urdu.
Nasheed - a is Islamic vocal music that is either sung a cappella or accompanied by percussion instruments such as the daff. If you search this, most results will be Arabic songs.
Nasyid - This is the Malay/Indonesian way to spell nasheed. You will, obviously, get results from Malaysia and Indonesia if you search this term.
Nachid - This is the French way of spelling nasheed. If you search this, you will mostly get songs from Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, etc…
Qawwali - a form of Sufi devotional music popular in South Asia, particularly in the Punjab and Sindh regions of Pakistan, Hyderabad, Delhi, and other parts of northern India.
Ghazal - Sufi songs of intoxication and yearning use secular metaphors to poignantly express the soul’s longing for union with the Divine, and its joy in loving the Divine.
Qasida - Islamic poetry.
Latmiya/Latmiyat - songs about the suffering of Ahlul Bait at Karbala. Most results will be in Arabic.
Nawha/Noha - a genre of Arabic, Persian, or Urdu prose depicting the martyrdom of the 12 Imams and Ahlul Bait.
Manqabat - a song in praise of either Imam Ali or one of the Sufi saints. Manqabats in praise of Ali are sung at both Sunni and Shi’a gatherings.
Nazm/Nazam - these are Islamic poems. If you search this though, the vast majority of the results will be Ahmadiyya.
Ilahi - Turkish and Albanian for nasheed.
Munadjaa - a song where the singer displays his thanks to Allah through a variety of linguistic techniques. It is often sung in Persia.
Ilahija/Ilahije - Bosnian for nasheed.
Mevlud/Mevlid - Not sure what type of Islamic songs/chants these are exactly. But if you search this term, it will be Bosnian or Turkish Islamic music.
Marsia/Marsiya -an elegiac poem written (especially in Persia and India) to commemorate the martyrdom and valour of Hussain and his comrades of the Karbala.
Ginan - a vast corpus of devotional literature in the form of lyrics and hymns worshiping and praising God, and has been the living tradition of Nizari Ismailis particularly from South Asia. These are also often sung to music.
Maulud - Islamic poetry of Sindh.
Kafi/Kafee - a classical form of Sufi poetry, mostly in Punjabi, Sindhi and Seraiki languages and originating from the Punjab and Sindh regions of the Indian subcontinent.
Kalam - another type of Sufi songs. If you search this, most results will be from South Asia.